Для того, чтобы хорошо написать эссе, необходимо прежде всего убедиться, что вы правильно поняли задание.
Знаете ли вы разницу между требованиями: to Compare / Contrast / Describe / Discuss / Evaluate / Explain / Summarise ?
Империал Репетитор составил список ключевых заданий, встречающихся в вопросах эссе UKiset:
Compare – To find the similarities and differences between things.
For example, ‘Compare your favourite and least favourite subject at school.’
Contrast – To examine the differences between things.
For example, ‘What are the main contrasts between swimming and walking and which do you prefer and why?’
Describe – To give a detailed account of the characteristics of something.
For example, ‘If you were Prime Minister for the day, describe what you would do and why.’
Discuss – To investigate something by reasoning or reasoned argument. To argue by presenting the various sides of something. To consider the pros and cons, in an attempt to clarify.
For example, ‘Discuss what you think makes a brilliant friend.’
(Do you see how this is a different version of the example question we looked at earlier? This time it is asking you to present both cases and to discuss what makes and what doesn’t make a brilliant friend.)
Evaluate – To make an appraisal of the worth of something; and include, to some extent, your personal opinion or the opinion of others.
For example, ‘Evaluate the qualities that make a brilliant friend.’
(This question is a different version of question 5 and is asking you to evaluate what makes and what doesn’t make a brilliant friend.)
Explain – To make something plain or understandable in a clear manner. To give the reasons for something. To give the meaning or significance of something.
For example, ‘Explain the rules of your favourite sport or game and say why you like playing it so much.’
Summarise – To give a short account of the main points of something.